Ngorongoro Conservation Area, The
Ngorongoro is a fascinating and unusual Conservation
Area which includes the Ngorongoro Crater at its centre
- The Ngorongoro Crater is the world's largest intact
caldera in an exceptional geographical position, forming
a spectacular bowl of about 265 sq km with sides up to
600m deep. It is the stalking ground of 20 - 30,000 wild
animals at any one time. , and then extends through the
Crater Highlands, in which local tribes are permitted to
maintain their traditional lifestyles in as natural
environment as possible.
This extraordinary volcanic landscape is rich and
fertile, with stunning craters and lakes, and the high
altitude creates a malaria-free micro climate.
The Ngorongoro crater is said to have the most dense
concentration of wildlife in Africa. As such, Ngorongoro
Crater has achieved world renown, and attracts a growing
number of visitors each year. Even if time is limited
this natural but accessibly small caldera ensures a
The crater floor consists of a number of ecological
environments that include grassland, swamps, forests and
Lake Makat, a central soda lake filled by the Munge
river. All these various habitats attract various
wildlife to drink, wallow, graze, hide or climb.
Although animals are free to move in and out of this
contained environment, the rich volcanic soil, lush
forests and spring source lakes on the crater floor tend
to incline both grazers and predators to remain
throughout the year.
Ngorongoro Crater is also presently one of the most
likely areas in Tanzania to see the endangered Black
Rhino, as a small population are thriving in this
idyllic and protected environment one of the only areas
where they continue to breed in the wild.